The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was opened for signature on the 9th May 1992 and has 194 parties.

The Green Market Oracle created a short history of the UNFCC meetings. The parties to the convention have met annually since 1995 in the Conference of Parties (COP) in the hope to establish the progress with climate change, as well as the essential steps needed to overcome global warming.

COP21 has been a long time coming for determining the future of Climate Change. From the last conference, which happened 6 years ago, no robust agreements were made by the UN Leaders.

Here’s COP21 put into numbers:

There’s a number of pledges that have been agreed over the course of the conference that are clear cut ways to be able to control climate change and decrease Green House gases.
However Huffington Post established that there are still many pledges that need to be resolved before the end of the conference:

‘For the first time in the history of these negotiations, almost all of the 196 participating governments will share the burden of reducing carbon emissions from both an economic and practical perspective.

Questions remain over the different responsibilities of developed and developing nations, about who will help pay for low-carbon projects in emerging economies, what is needed in an equitable agreement, and when review periods for strengthening commitments will begin.

These issues continue to be contentious and must still be resolved. ‘

Yet many remain positive and optimistic about the COP21 meeting in Paris being one of the most successful conferences in establishing the importance of climate change and the essential need to overcome global warming for a sustainable future.

Let’s hope realistic targets can be set and achieved in the next 5-10 years!